Mobile application: Definition, Technology types and examples 2021

Le Pham
Le Pham

The popularity of mobile application has continued to increase. According to market research firm Gartner, 102 billion apps were downloaded in 2013 (91% of them are free) but they will still generate $ 26 billion, increasing by 44.4% from $ 18 billion in 2012. The Analysis Report estimates that the app business generates more than € 10 billion in revenue per year in the European Union, while more than 529,000 jobs have been created in 28 EU countries due to application market growth.

Mobile application: Definition, Technology
Mobile application

Mobile applications are a move away from the coordinated programming systems for the most part found on PCs. All things being equal, each application gives restricted and isolated usefulness like a game, number calculator or mobile web browsing. Despite the fact that applications may have avoided performing multiple tasks due to the restricted equipment assets of the early cell phones, their explicitness is presently essential for their attractive quality since they permit purchasers to hand-pick what their gadgets can do.

Mobile application definition

A mobile application, most commonly known as an app, is a kind of application software intended to run on a mobile phone, for example, a smartphone or tablet PC. Mobile applications often serve to furnish clients with comparable administrations to those got to on PCs. Apps are by and large small, individual software units with restricted capacity. This utilization of application programming was initially advocated by Apple Inc. also, its App Store, which offers a huge number of uses for the iPhone, iPad and iPod Touch. 

Mobile application definition
Mobile application definition

In opposition to applications intended for desktop computers, mobile applications move away from incorporated software systems. All things being equal, every versatile application gives segregated and restricted usefulness. For instance, it tends to be a game, a number cruncher, or a portable internet browser. Candy Crush Saga, The Sims Mobile, Among Us!, Subway Surfers,… are the mobile application examples that are operated by those processes.

The initial mobile application provided general-purpose information and information services on the global network, including email, calendar, stock market, listings and weather information. However, the demand of mobile device users, along with the ability to develop the mobile application extends into other categories, such as mobile games, factory automation, GPS,… The explosion in the number and variety of applications has developed into large and diverse areas. Many services nowadays need the help of mobile application technology such as identifying location and internet banking, for tracking, purchasing tickets and even mobile medical services. 

The easiest mobile applications take PC-based applications and port them to a mobile device. As mobile applications are evolving, this strategy is fairly deficient. A more modern methodology includes growing explicitly for the mobile environment, exploiting its constraints and benefits. For instance, applications whose functional area-based highlights are characteristically worked starting from the earliest stage with an eye to mobile, given that the client is not attached to an area like using a PC. 

Applications are separated into three general categories: native applications, web apps and hybrid applications.

Native applications

The native mobile application is the kind of app in which it is created and developed for a specific type of device platforms such as Android or IOS, using a specialized coding language. To build a native application, the coding language that is chosen by developers must be given access by the device platform. Typical application features for this category could be offline mobile games, dictionary apps, etc.

Native applications
Native applications

The main advantage of native applications is their superior and magnificent user experience. All things considered, designers who build them utilize native UI devices. Access to an expansive range of APIs likewise assists with quickening the development work and broadens the limits of application utilization. Native applications must be downloaded from application stores and introduced straightforwardly into devices. That is the reason they first need to pass a severe distributing process.

Normally, in the game, all the images, sounds and levels are downloaded so the user can play the game without an internet connection (some games require you to have an internet connection because they need to log in, buy or sell items inside, or because they are online games). Another common example of the native mobile apps that everyone knows is Facebook.

>> Read more: Native Applications: Everything You Should Know About

Web applications

Web applications are software applications that carry on correspondingly to native mobile applications and work on mobile devices. However, there are critical differences between native applications and web applications. For beginners, web applications use browsers to run, and they are generally written in CSS, HTML5, or JavaScript. Such apps redirect the client to the URL and afterward offer them the choice to introduce the application. As a result, web applications enforce clients to make a bookmark on such page for future viewing. That is the reason why they require the least memory. 

Web applications carry out the same method of organization when compared to native applications, yet are accessed by means of a website browser on your mobile device. They are not independent applications in terms of downloading and installing code into your device. They are really responsive websites that adjust their UI to the client’s device. Truth be told, when you go over the choice to “install” a web application, it frequently basically bookmarks the site URL on your device.

Hybrid applications

Hybrid App combines the advantages of mobile web and native app. It is built using HTML, CSS, Javascript, running on mobile WebView. However, the Hybrid App can still take advantage of the device’s features like capture, GPS, vibration, etc.

These are web applications that closely resemble native applications. They may have a home screen application symbol, responsive design, fast performance, even have the option to function disconnected, however, they are truly web applications made to look native.

Hybrid apps will be written based on a cross-platform framework: Cordova, Phonegap, Ionic… We will call the functions of the mobile via the API that this framework provides, in the form of Javascript. You only need to write once, these frameworks will automatically translate this application into installation files for Android and iOS. Some applications which are not too heavy in processing, and need to take advantage of the device’s functionality will choose this development method.

Hybrid applications
Hybrid applications

Building a hybrid app is a lot quicker and more practical than a native application. Accordingly, the function of this type of mobile application is not so different from the native one – a feature to demonstrate the reasonability of building a hybrid application. They load quickly, are ideal for utilizing in nations with slow web speed, and give clients a consistent user experience. At last, since they utilize a solitary code base, there is considerably less code to keep up.

>> Read more: Hybrid application: Everything you should know about

Cross-Platform applications

The purpose of these cross-platform apps is to solve the hybrid performance problem and the cost problem when writing a variety of native languages ​​for each mobile platform. Although we often confuse Hybrid app and Cross-platform app, in fact, they are completely different. Perhaps the only common feature between them is the ability to share source code. Programmers only need to program once and compile or translate into many Native app versions corresponding to each different platform.

The most important tool for executing Cross-platform application projects is Cross-platform frameworks. There are many cross-platform frameworks out there. Each type will have different strengths and weaknesses. Depending on the goal of building the app, the programmer will choose the suitable framework.

Types of mobile application

Mobile applications come in numerous shapes and sizes. Here are the most famous mobile application types to assist you with understanding the latest things in the mobile scene: 

Mobile gaming applications

This is the most famous classification of portable applications. You would be astonished to figure out the number of clients who install games on their telephones. Organizations invest/use a huge amount of time and assets into making games and mobile versions of well-known stationary games since it is a particularly lucrative market. According to a new report from Sensor Tower, mobile game downloads reach 12 billion, which is nearly 7 times higher than the second most downloaded category on Google Play. The share of mobile game would reach 40% in 2020 in the total mobile application downloaded. Of all application downloads, 84% of casual games were downloaded, and the rest of them spent on core game mobile applications. The best mobile games like Candy Crush Saga or Angry Birds have become known everywhere in the world. 

Types of mobile application
Mobile gaming applications

Educational applications

This category incorporates portable applications that help clients acquire new abilities and information. For instance, language learning applications like Duolingo have become staggeringly mainstream since they give clients the adaptability they search for in learning. Educational game applications are an incredible apparatus for youngsters. Numerous educational applications end up being famous among educators as well, who use them to make their teaching process better or teach themselves further. 

Types of mobile application - Educational applications
Educational applications

Business or productivity applications

These applications hold an enormous piece of the market today since individuals are progressively inclined to utilizing their smartphones and tablets to perform numerous intricate tasks in a hurry. For instance, applications can assist them with booking tickets, sending messages, or tracking their work progress. Business applications are equipped to boost profitability and limit costs as they permit clients to finish a wide scope of assignments, from purchasing new cartridges for office printers to enlisting another office director. 

M-commerce applications

The most famous shopping applications like Amazon or eBay offer the experience of their working assistant forms to mobile users. Mobile commerce applications furnish clients with advantageous admittance to items, as well as many consistent installment strategies for an ideal shopping experience.

Lifestyle applications

This general classification of applications traverses shopping, style, virtual fitting rooms, exercise, dating, and diet applications. These applications essentially center around different parts of the individual way of life. 

Entertainment applications

These applications permit clients to transfer video content, look for occasions, talk, or watch content on the web. Online media applications like Facebook or Instagram are incredible models. Additionally, streaming applications, for example, Netflix or Amazon Prime Video have gotten unimaginably well known with clients everywhere in the world. These applications help their mobile users with the various forms and versions of entertaining methods, along with the continuous modification to meet the demand of users.

Travel applications

The primary thought behind this classification is assisting clients with traveling without any problem. Travel applications’ users might change a cell phone or tablet into a movement journal status so that they would receive very helpful instructions, guidance and preferences. The greater part of the sightseers is carefully sagacious voyagers who realize how to utilize applications for their potential benefit. 

Utility applications

these are clear to such an extent that we scarcely even understand that we are utilizing them. Indeed, utility applications typically have the shortest user session times – individuals use them to complete things and afterward proceed onward. The most mainstream sorts of utility applications are standardized identification scanners, trackers, or medical services applications. 

Candy crush saga – The famous example of mobile application

Candy Crush Saga’s reputation has been huge, yet in addition enormously divisive. The game has no lack of critics in the world of the customary game, who guarantee it is a critical, manipulative cash-grabber of an item, whose sweet-swapping gameplay interaction is not even that unique. 

Candy Crush Saga utilizes a few parts of a cutting-edge game plan to make an astonishing degree of client commitment, obviously bringing about huge loads of downloads and a huge number of individual scores being broadly shared on Facebook. The specific numbers appear to be hard to nail down. This is all occurring in the approach of a clear IPO by King.com, designer of Candy Crush Saga. 

Accepting another media experience like Candy Crush Saga claims to be an essential psychological cycle like example acknowledgment, at that point, it involves UX configuration to rejuvenate a cooperation structure that is profoundly fulfilling. One without the other is a non-starter regarding client commitment. At the point when game architects do this truly well, we say that the framework has a serious level of control/show compatibility.7 Another perspective about this is that the man-machine mix is psychologically and practically in synchronization. At the core of the game plan is this straightforward goal. Notwithstanding, in a genuine game plan, this ends up being a wickedly troublesome errand which not many game planners or even huge game plan organizations can pull off with a reasonable level of consistency. 

Candy crush saga – The famous example of mobile application
Candy crush saga

On the subject of why Candy Crush Saga is so successful, one should not take a glance at the game UX plan yet. In huge measure, the achievement of Candy Crush is likely determined more by the smoothness and straightforwardness of posting progress reports on Facebook than by anything like a splendid UX game plan. In such a manner, the game will probably have a moderately short half-life and drop into the dustbin of Facebook alongside many other application-based games and besides whole billion-dollar organizations like Zynga. Despite the fact that Candy Crush Saga will clearly endeavor a forceful brand augmentation technique, it is far-fetched that we will see stuffed Candy Crush Saga game loads up at any point in the near future. 

The basic gaining from Candy Crush is not actually lined up with game UX plan yet more precisely adaptation methodology and how such a technique either supports or degrades the total client experience. Hiding all productive new media UX arrangements is a basic theoretical goal: to cause clients to feel certain and profitable as they draw in with another intelligent experience or game. Accomplishing this objective is no straightforward matter, as clients look for advancement yet hunger for familiarity.

Fundamental steps to build an application

Instructions to make an application – an inquiry that has been frequenting you. Be that as it may, on the grounds that you have not yet found the correct solution, it doesn’t mean you should abandon the thought or slice corners just to arrive at the end quicker. 

Fundamental steps to build an application
Install the application on your device

The arranging period of your application-making measure frames the establishment and the accomplishment of your application relies upon the amount of exertion you have placed into it. 

  • Choose your application name: The name of the application is the way your application clients will see you and your business. On the off chance that you as of now have a thriving business, it is fitting to proceed with the equivalent or comparable name so your current clients can without much of a stretch discover you and can put their trust in your application.
  • Select a color scheme: Once you have chosen the name of your application and picked the proper business classification that your application has a place with, you are another bit nearer to addressing your inquiry – how to construct an application. Presently, the time has come to choose which shading plan would be ideal for your application. 
  • Customize your application design: In the plan customization segment, you can explore different avenues regarding various parts of style that make your application what it is. 
  • Choose the correct test device: It is very normal to think about how to fabricate an application that looks great on your preferred gadget and what it would resemble your application clients. This is quite possibly the most energizing piece of the cycle where you will see the consequence of every one of your endeavors. 
  • Install the application on your device: This is quite possibly the most energizing piece of the interaction where you will see the aftereffect of every one of your endeavors. With the assistance of the QR Code or the connection, you will actually want to introduce your preferred application on a gadget. 
  • Add the highlights you need (Key Section): For an ideal application, it is significant that you add the perfect highlights, the highlights that work out in a good way for your application as well as significant for you to serve your clients in the most ideal way. Normally, this relies upon the plan of the application you are making. 
  • Publish your application: Once you have distributed your android application on the Google Play Store and our iOS application on the Apple App Store, your application clients can undoubtedly go there and download your application from that point. 
  • Promote your application: When you are building up an application with the aim to offer an answer for any current issue, you should be ready for the way that individuals may as of now be utilizing a specific arrangement as of now. You would need to figure how you would have the option to persuade them to roll out that improvement.

Final Thought

Today, mobile devices and the mobile applications that open their value are the most mainstream path for individuals and organizations to interface with the internet. To remain relevant, responsive and successful, associations need to build up the mobile applications that their clients, partners and employees need.

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