Today, mobile application testing automation tools are very useful and necessary for mobile testing sessions. Thanks to these tools, properly organized test sessions can reduce the tester’s time and error tolerance during test execution.
On the market, there are countless mobile application testing tools. Some of them are free, but there is also some software that users need to pay a pretty expensive fee. Besides that, each tool possesses certain features that support users in many different project contexts.
And because there is such a wide range of automation for mobile application testing, it is difficult to choose the best one and testers often end the testing process with tools that do not match the project’s requirements, therefore, it may lead to a lack of important cases to check.
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When to choose mobile application testing automation open source?
- The app has new functionality.
- Automate Testing is required once or twice.
- The regression test is repeated.
- Test application for complex cases.
What are the criteria for mobile application testing automation tools?
As automation tools are an important group of items in mobile application testing checklist, they should cover these criteria:
- Multi-platform support: Make sure the tool supports your current and future target platform.
- Script Usability: Object-based tools provide a high level of scripting usage.
- Jailbreak Requirements: If the tool uses a rooted device, it may not support the latest operating system version and may not be compatible with MDM policies.
- Changing Source Code: Sharing Source Code is not always possible
- Time for New OS version: How long can this tool support the iOS / Android version / new OS version.
How to choose the best mobile application testing tools open source?
Step 1. Identify the tests that need to be automated.
Step 2. Research and analysis of automated tools that meet your needs.
Step 3. Pay for about 2 best tools according to your requirements and budget. If necessary, based on requirements, you can choose one or more suitable tools.
Step 4. Discuss the selected automated tools with other stakeholders, explain the choice and get their approval.
Step 5. Conduct an automated test session.
And below is a list of the best automatic tools that testers believe to use for the two most popular operating systems Android and iOS.
Appium is one of the mobile application testing automation tools that allows users to automatically find styles through mobile web apps, native apps, and hybrid apps on both iOS and Android platforms. You can use the same APIs to do test writing for different platforms. This will be quite convenient to use.
This tool supports automatic testing for all software on devices, emulators, simulators. They are developed based on the following points: Don’t recompile the application yourself, let it automate. Not locked into a framework or any specific language and use open source. If you already have an automation API, then you don’t have to test automation anymore.
Advantages of Appium
- Appium helps users to quickly and easily perform mobile app regression testing. Especially with mobile applications are always developed new functions and features.
- Supporting a lot of platforms are iOS, Android, Firefox OS so that users can easily choose.
- It is not necessary to have source code and users can still test applications by testing directly or interacting with the camera.
- Allows developers to reuse source codes between iOS and Android platforms.
Disadvantages of Appium
- This tool cannot support Android <4.2 which is Android API level <17.
- Appium is very slow when running scripts on iOS platforms.
- The gesture action support is not diverse and limited.
- The tool does not support Toast messages for users.
This is one of the most favorite mobile application testing tools for android app devices that search for black boxes in all versions. Testers can write tests of the system, functionality, and operation of Android with the help of this tool. Automate many Android operations and create extremely solid test cases in minimal time.
Advantages of Robotium
- Robotium is easy to write with just short lines of code. The time required to follow this move is quite proactive.
- The user will unleash the full capabilities of the test case along with the minimal knowledge of the applications used for testing.
- The framework can help handle a lot of Android operations. Compared to tests with standard equipment, the difficulty of the test case will be greatly improved.
- Automatically in many aspects such as time, delay, operating in a modern process, finding views, making individual decisions.
- Can perform a quick test for the user.
- During the runtime associated with the GUI, test cases are more powerful.
- Robotium has seamless integration with Ant and Maven.
Disadvantages of Robotium
- They cannot handle Web or Flash components.
- Only control 1 app at a given time.
- It is impossible to simulate input using a soft keyboard.
- Does not support interaction with Status Bar Notifications.
- Running on older devices will be quite slow.
For those who use tools for mobile application testing on Android, MonkeyRunner is not a strange name anymore. They are specially designed and provide us with the function of testing devices as well as an application at each frame level or function.
Advantages of MonkeyRunner
- Find new and non-repetitive errors for stated situations.
- They are used for testing and load testing quite effectively because the scripts tested are quite random.
- Easy to run. The user only needs to enter random data to run any random test.
- In MonkeyRunner, there are very few cases used to do testing as well as to set costs on the environment.
- Monkey checking can be automated thanks to built-in tools.
- They can be applied on many different devices such as mobile, desktop, and web.
Disadvantages of MonkeyRunner
- Tests are conducted at random. Because of that, they can hardly create any errors.
- It takes time and effort to analyze the unexpected problems found in MonkeyRunner.
- It is extremely difficult for the operator to determine whether the test scenarios are correct or not. So don’t expect the test case accuracy to be guaranteed.
- MonkeyRunner does not have any tests identified so it will take a lot of time to find the bug.
To help simplify the selection, installation, and use for users, there are currently “warehouses” selling different apps on smart devices. And if the inventors want to know which app users use, it is completely possible to test the user to get comments and reviews about the application to see if it meets the standards or not.
UI Automator creates test cases on the Android platform and is extended by Google. They are constantly interacting with software as well as applications on Android, so they are rated quite well by users.
These automated tests are performed by automated software such as:
- Quick Test Professional – (HP).
- Test Architect – (LogiGear).
- Visual Studio CodedUI Testing.
- TestComplete (SmartBear).
- SOAPUI – Web Services Testing (SmartBear).
Advantages of UI Automator
- Reliability: This automated testing tool is quite stable. Especially when you use it for many test cases, the reliability will reach a much more optimal level than manual testing.
- Repeatability: Testers will not have to do a lot of repetition when performing this testing tool. Because they can repeat the work with high reliability as well as stability.
- Reuse: UI Automator is an automated test suite with multiple versions and is the choice of many people so it is called a re-test.
- High Speed: The testing speed of this tool is a lot faster than humans.
- Low cost: The cost to use this automated test is suitable for a wide audience. From there, you can save costs for manpower as well as save time.
Disadvantages of UI Automator
UI Automator encounters several problems:
- Difficult to expand and maintain: The process of updating and editing this mobile application testing tool is quite difficult because it has to change data, update new code, fulfill Debug’s request. That is why when doing the project if you want to expand the scope of automated testing, the testers will be quite difficult.
- Poor tool coverage: This tool requires the user to have programming skills to cover low automation tests from a comprehensive perspective.
- Tools and people to be used competently.
Next among the automatic mobile application testing tools that we will discover shortly is Selendroid. It is Android’s leading mobile application testing software based on web and apps. They have a special ability to help users interact with multiple devices using the Android platform at the same time.
Advantages of Selendroid
- Selendroid is fully compatible with JSON Wire Protocol / Selenium 3 Ready.
- Will not make test modifications required to automate itself.
- Check web page on mobile phone and use it with android Bild controlling web view app.
- Same concept for automating hybrid or native apps.
- For UI issues, we can find it in many different types of navigation.
- The gestures supported by the test suite: interacting with the Advanced User API.
- Emulators are now started being done automatically.
- This tool supports hot-plugging for hardware devices.
- Selendroid has been built into Inspectors to help simplify test cases performed.
Disadvantages of Selendroid
Selendroid’s only limitation that makes it difficult for users to run is quite slow. And on some machines with less than 4GB of RAM, it will be completely unusable.
MonkeyTalk is one of the automated mobile application testing tools that help users to test functionality on iOS and Android apps. Even if you do not have any technical knowledge, you can still run tests on this platform. Because they do not require too in-depth knowledge.
Advantages of MonkeyTalk
- Very simple and easy to understand so that anyone can use it. Does not require users to have basic knowledge about programming or powerful scripts at all.
- MonkeyTalk IDE can also record and playback executed test scripts.
- This automated tester supports additionally tethered and network devices along with other emulators.
- You can completely share 1 script on both Android and iOS.
- MonkeyTalk also supports the user looping concept.
- Users can use this tool to generate XML and HTML and capture the screen if anything goes wrong.
- MonkeyTalk can also integrate seamlessly while supporting Hudson and Jenkins. They also support JUnit reporting for users.
Disadvantages of MonkeyTalk
MonkeyTalk gives users many advantages and benefits to using. However, this mobile application testing tool also has issues that searching can make unfortunate mistakes.
Next among the most selected name mobile application testing tools today is Testdroid. Referring to Testdroid, we will immediately think of a cloud-based toolkit that helps developers perform product marketing quickly, save costs as well as reduce unnecessary expenses.
This is the fastest way to check whether your app and iOS and Android devices are different across CT platforms, OS versions, and screen resolutions.
Advantages of Testdroid
- Helping users to save application development costs.
- Minimize potential risks with real equipment and test quickly.
- There is no need to worry about the costs incurred when using it.
- Testdroid improves the app rating as well as the tester’s day of work.
Disadvantages of Testdroid
To be able to run Testdroid requires equipment and qualified human resources to perform.
The next tool that users should choose when they want to do automated testing is Calabash. This test kit is developed and maintained by Xamarin. They work best with programming languages such as .NET, Ruby, Flex, Java. Calabash helps you perform testing for hybrid and native mobile apps.
Advantages of Calabash
- Cucumber support is a branch of Ruby so that users can write automated tests in English as simply as possible.
- Developers may have an API that allows native applications to run on a variety of touch devices.
- Calabash is also closely related to libraries and allows test-code to interact with the above applications.
- Added support for the Cucumber framework. From there, helping businesses as well as customers, QA can understand each other more easily than ever.
Disadvantages of Calabash
According to user reviews, the downside of Calabash is that they only support Ruby. The tests are also quite time-consuming and difficult to use.
Above are the top 8 automated mobile application testing tools. Each tool will have different advantages and disadvantages and will suit the needs of each object. To choose the best tool for you, you first need to understand what you want and what the toolkit offers you.